Sheepdogs are selected for breeding
according to their working ability. A herding breed
differs from other herding breeds in its working style.
The working stlye is formed by the farmers demands.
These demands are called by the terrain, circumstances
and duties. The border collie originates from the Scottish
border country from the time when Great Britains wealth
was based on the wool before the industrial revolution.
Todays border collie was formed about 100 years ago
but the history of his anchestors extends back centuries.
During the times these dogs were called many ways like
„working collie”, „old fashioned collie”, „farm collie”
or „English collie”. First James Reid, the secretary
of International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS) called them
„border collie” in 1915.
James Hogg, a shepherd and poet living at the borderlands
„Without the shepherd’s dog, the whole of the open mountainous
land in Scotland would not be worth a sixpence. It would
require more hands to manage a stock of sheep, gather
them from the hills, force them into houses and folds,
and drive them to markets, than the profits of the whole
stock were capable of maintaining."”Border collie
breeders at this time didn’t care about pedigree. They
bred the dogs with the best working abilities. Their
aim was to keep and develop these abilities. They were
very proud of their dogs abilities and later on this
led to local and than official herding trials. The first
official herding trial took place in Wales in 1873.Crude
climate and rough terrain of the borderline countries
demanded persistant, constant and brave dogs. Under
these circumstances smaller, faster and quick turning
dogs were proven best. White marks (around the neck,
on chest, on feets and on the end of the tail) made
them seen better.
The border collies duty was to gather the sheep to the
shepherd. In Scotland the sheep spent the great part
of the year scattered on the pastures up on the mountains.
The dog must have been able to run around the whole
flock, gather them and fetch them to the shepherd.
These dogs had to work in great distance independently
without the commands or help of their owners. They had
to be able to solve different situations which demanded
separate thinking and creativity. To border collies
unique working style belongs its intent look and low
The border collie with its specific working style and
wonderful intelligence became the best herding dog of